World Federation of Journalists and Travel Writers (FIJET)’s 58th congress was held in Moscow from 22nd till 27thSeptember with a Post Tour to a very interesting city Kazan, and organized by “INTOURIST”, Tour Operator designated by Moscow Tourism Department. More than 150 participants coming from 27 countries from different parts of the world had the opportunity to experiment the culture and traditions of Russia.
Moscow is one of the most attractive destinations to discover in Europe, disclosing a great history and patrimony. The city is holding big events of resounding success, and will be hosting The 2018 FIFA World Cup where is being accommodated with a huge stadium to receive football players and lovers.
Moscow the mesmerizing capital of Russia is the heaven on earth unfolding tremendous and opulent patrimony:
St Basil’s Cathedral
The Kremlin: Inextricably linked to crucial and vital historical and political events in Russia since the 13th century, the Kremlin is overlooking the Moskva River to the south, Saint Basil’s Cathedral and Red Square to the east, and the Alexander Garden to the west. The Kremlin and Red Square are in the heart of the City Center, and recognized as symbol of the Russian state.
The Kremlin was the residence of the Tsars, and the center of spiritual life of the state, nowadays is the official residence of the supreme power President of Russia. It enclosed an ensemble of monuments and cathedrals of outstanding decorations.
church of the Assumption
church of the annunciation
The Red square: separates the Kremlin, from a historic merchant rectangular stretch of cobblestones, surrounded by architectural marvels, is an imposing sight. It evokes an incredible sense of awe to stroll across a place where so much of Russian history unfolded.
– St Basil’s Cathedral: At the southern end of Red Square, framed by the massive facades of the Kremlin and GUM, stands the icon of Russia: St Basil’s Cathedral. This crazy confusion of colours, patterns and shapes is the culmination of a style that is unique to Russian architecture. Before St Basil’s, this style of tent roofs and onion domes had been used to design wooden churches.
Cathedral of Christ the Saviour
Cathedral of Christ the Saviour: Designed by architect K. Thon from St. Petersburg located on picturesque Alexeyevsky hill opposite to Kremlin. The building of the Savior Cathedral was in line with the ancient tradition of Moscow whose skyline has always been dominated exclusively by Orthodox churches. The gleaming of its gold dome and cupolas was seen in the suburbs, dozens of miles away from the city. Like a mythological bird Phoenix the cathedral was resurrected from ashes, after being demolished by Bolsheviks in 1931,and has been restored to its original splendor and looks exactly like its historical prototype. On August 19, 2000 it was consecrated, and turned into a major Christian center of the country. Its central Dome and four smaller subsidiary cupolas (used for ringing bells) symbolized our lord Jesus Christ surrounded by the four Evangelists. The four facades are decorated with high reliefs, the main characters portrayed is the Lord, the mother of God and celestial beings who have guarded Russia throughout history.
Kazan: another unforgettable destination located in southwest Russia, on the banks of the Volga and Kazanka rivers. The capital of the Republic of Tatarstan, a semi-autonomous region.
On the high Kazanka river bank rises majestically the main attraction of the city Kazan Kremlin , it is a unique architectural ensemble, an impregnable fortress, the corner stone of which was laid in the XII century, the Kremlin acquired its modern look in 1553. It was built by Russians after Kazan Capture, it encloses the annunciation cathedral, the famous tiered Söyembikäleaning tower. As well as the largest mosque of the republic of Tatarstan – Kul Sharif.
Bolgar state historical and Architectural Museum and Preserve: Bolgar represents the first establishments of today’s Tatar state (Mixture of Mongol and Bolgar citizens) and was intermittently capital of Volga Bulgaria from the 8th to the 15th centuries, where acceptance of Islam took place in 922, now it remains a sacred pilgrimage destination to the Tatar Muslims. The Museum unveils a history curation and exposition of archaeological finds, the site is included in the UNESCO world cultural and natural heritage.
Sviyazhskisland: The Fortress town was built in the forests, transported by the Volga. Located at the picturesque confluence of Sviyaga River with the Volga, on high hill 30 km away from Kazan. In the 13th century, it was known to be the site of Pagan rituals. In 1551 was an orthodox holy site for pilgrims from all Russia for several centuries, attracting many people from various ends of the countries. Now the island is a museum city.
Russia includes more than 23 UNESCO world Heritage Sites, enhancing the rapid growth of the tourism industry, first inner tourism and then international tourism as well. Being endowed with Rich cultural heritage and great natural variety, Russia is placed among the most popular tourist destinations in the world. It was very successful trip that should be repeated very soon.
Therese E. Tawile
Bolgar State -Kazan